Numerous people are getting issues with Canadian immigration. This shouldn’t be considered as something difficult to achieve. The only way to go about this is to have the right knowledge to help you throughout the immigration process. Canada is one of the countries in the world with diverse opportunities for foreigners. Many people have left their countries for Canada in search of green pastures, but the only way to go about this is to have detailed knowledge.
Furthermore, Canadian immigration comes with lots of benefits for students, workers (employed or self-employed), businessmen, venture capitalists, and many others. Therefore, if you have the intention of staying in Canada temporarily or permanently, you still need to be informed about the right path to follow to migrate to Canada. In this article, we are going to have in-depth knowledge of the three numerous programs to Canada.
Different Programs for Canada Immigration
There are majorly three different programs one can use to travel to Canada, and here they are:
- Permanent Residence
- Work Permit
- Students Permit
1. Permanent Residence:
This is one of the Canadian immigration programs used by foreigners to migrate to Canada. It is long term immigration. There are lots of options available for people who want to use this process to enter Canada such as the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trade Class, Canadian Experience Class, Family Class, etc.
- Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP):
This program can also be regarded as the Federal Skilled Worker Class, and it is mainly for foreign workers who want to migrate to Canada. Every year, over ten of thousands from different parts of the world enter Canada through this program. Some of them have been established in Canada by securing a good job.
The program is open to different experts and skilled workers around the globe who have the intention to migrate to Canada and live there permanently. The good thing is applicants for this Canada immigration program can apply for this alongside their wife, and dependent children, and it takes six months or less for the application process.
- Federal Skilled Trade Class:
The Canadian government has noticed different cities and communities across the country are lacking labor workers in diverse skilled trade occupations. Initially, it was regarded as the Federal Skilled Trades Program. The program is mainly for workers in trade occupations. Therefore, as an experienced tradesperson, you can apply for this immigration program, and the processing time is within six months.
- Canadian Experience Class:
This immigration program is for people who have worked in Canada for a minimum of one year to move to Canada permanently. It is one of the immigration programs that have beneficial to many foreigners. When once you are skillful, and you are well-focused in your work, the Canadian government might want to give you a permanent residence permit to allow you to stay in Canada permanently. With this program, you can enjoy other benefits given to Canadian indigenes.
- Family Class:
Under the family class, we have various programs, and here they are:
- Dependent Children:
Bringing different families together is one of the commitments of the Government of Canada. This program allows parents to fund their dependent children to migrate to Canada. The child has to meet the requirements that he or she a dependent child/children. A dependent child is someone who falls within the age range of 0 to 15 and he or she is still living with his or her parents, or they can even be 18 years old living with their family for their survival.
In this program, the parents take care of the bills by sponsoring their child/children, and they file an application on behalf of their child for him or her to live in Canada permanently. This permits the sponsorship of spouses, parents, conjugal partners, grandparents, and children. This program is being done once a year, and it has helped in migrating lots of families to Canada. For instance, someone whose child or children were born in Canada, he or will become a Canadian citizen by birth.
- Parent and grandparent program:
This is another type of Canadian immigration that permits permanent residents and Canadian citizens to sponsor either their parents or grandparents using the Parent and Grandparent Program (PGP). With this PGP, the parents or grandparents who have been sponsored can become Canadian permanent residence, and also enjoy the various benefits such as the right to vote and to be voted, the right to live and work in Canada, the right to good healthcare, and many other things.
- Spousal/Common-Law sponsorship:
As a Canadian citizen, or someone who is a permanent resident you might want to sponsor your spouse for Canada immigration. If this is being achieved, the sponsored person can become a permanent resident, and from there the couple can build their homes in Canada. This is part of the family class immigration program, and it is being done annually.
- Immigration to Quebec:
This is a French-speaking province in Canada, open to other foreigners who speak different languages. There are numerous immigration programs for students, workers, entrepreneurs, etc. through immigration to Quebec. Using this route to Canada immigration, it is not a must to be proficient in the French language, but it helps if you are conversant with it. From various discoveries, the program pays attention to those who are fluent in the French language. The Canadian government has nothing to do with this program because it is a separate body on its own. If you want to live in Quebec as an economic permanent resident, you need this program.
- Business Investor and Immigration:
For the business investor and immigration program has been divided into three categories:
- Startup Visa:
This is another immigration program for potential entrepreneurs who have a business they are operating already, and ready for investors to invest their funds. Before one has to be eligible for this startup visa, the applicant must have a business on the ground already and also obtained a secured document from a Canadian business officially.
Its main purpose is to assist immigrants entrepreneurs to create businesses in Canada without any Canadian government interference. On other hand, they can work in Canada using a temporary resident status, till their permanent residence permit is available for them to become full-time Canadian citizens.
- Self-Employed Program:
This program assists self-employed people to move to Canada to live as a permanent resident. If you have an interest in the self-employed program, it is compulsory to have vital experience in either sport or cultural activities and be ready to contribute to the Canadian sport and cultural activities when you get there.
- Quebec Immigrant Investor Program:
The program has been structured for immigrant investors, and the foreign investor must have at least a net asset of at least CAD$2 million before they can be considered Canada immigration. Although this province (Quebec) speaks French, you don’t have to well-proficient in the language for you to move to Canada through this program. The investor should be ready to invest in Quebec.
2. Work Permits:
The work permit allows a foreigner to work or live in Canada for a stipulated period, and here they are:
- International Experience Canada:
If you are making plans for traveling to Canada via this program, it is important to know the various age location limits for your country of residence. For instance, for foreigners from countries such as Taiwan, Spain, Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Germany, Chile, Ireland, San Marino, etc., the age limit is from 18 to 35 years, while for other countries like Belgium, Netherlands, Sweden, Japan, Andorra, etc., their age limit is from 18 to 30.
- Intra Company Transfer:
This is one of the Canada immigration programs under the work permit. If you have been employed by a company in your country of residence, and they have another branch in Canada, you can obtain a Canadian work permit through the assistance of the other branch in Canada. If a foreign worker wants to work in Canada through the intracompany transfer, he or she must be under various categories such as executives, senior managers, or specialized knowledge.
- Global Talent Stream:
The Canadian government uses this to employ highly-skilled workers in their country. In June 2019, it was estimated that approximately 40,000 people migrated to Canada through this program. Out of the 40,000 people, 24,000 were skillful in different occupations such as information systems, software engineering, computer programming, analysis, etc. The Global Talent Stream immigration program permits Canadian employers to employ foreign skilled workers to occupy strategic places where there are no Canadian citizens available for it.
- International Mobility Program:
Canadian employers can employ foreign workers through a temporary work permit, without looking for a way to get the Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA). This has different benefits to workers in the same field. This is different from the Temporary Foreign Worker Program because the work permit is being issued out depending on the conditions of the labor market. It helps to broaden Canada economically, and also increase its Gross Domestic Product.
- Labour Market Impact Assessment:
If you have given job employment to work in Canada, you might require a work permit to give you the opportunity of working in Canada. Most Canadian employers use this immigration program to employ foreign workers when there is no Canadian worker(s) for the given job. Before a Canadian employer can employ someone outside Canada is when there is no worker from Canada. The Canadian employer needs to advertise the job vacancy for one month before employing a foreigner. This Canadian immigration program demands details for the job. I already published a very detailed article about the Labour Market Impact Assessment, I advise you to go through the article to know the benefits, application procedure, and other basic requirements.
- Temporary Foreign Worker Program:
When a Canadian employer is finding it hard to get workers to fill key positions, the Temporary Foreign Worker Program offers them the solution to find employees. They offer proof in the form of a Labour Market Impact Assessment to show the reason for the employed foreign worker(s).
- Post-Graduation Work Permit:
This allows international students who are done with their course of studies in Canada to work freely for up to a minimum of three years, while they are working they can apply for their permanent residence permit to become a permanent resident. This helps graduates become full-time workers in Canada. This Canada immigration program permits a foreigner to work for any employer in Canada. To obtain a post-graduate work permit, students must have a valid temporary status and also submit the required documents that will make them eligible.
3. Study Permits:
This is one of the Canadian immigration programs that allow foreigners to gain admission to enroll in any of the top institutions in Canada. A student who has been allowed to study in Canada stand a chance of being employed after his or her course of studies and later become a permanent citizen. There are different students across the globe looking for a way to study in Canada and has been made easy with the Student Direct Stream (SDS Canada).
One of the important documents for a foreign student is the study permit. The essence of the study permit is to allow a foreign citizen to enroll in any of the institutions in Canada. Most of the foreign students need to obtain a study permit before they can study their dream course. In addition to this, they need to get their vital documents to show they are eligible for admission.
The study permit is not synonymous with a visa, because the student needs to get an electronic travel visa or visitor visa to enable them to get entrance into Canada. It is important to know a study permit get expires as soon as the student is done with his or her course of study. The student will be given a minimum of 90 days to enable the student to leave or apply for an extension to stay in Canada.